Find your nearest distributor
 Get in touch
 Log in

Primary Current Injection Test System


  • Overview  
  • Application  
  • Downloads  
  • Most advanced primary current injection test system to simplify all types of switchgear and CT commissioning, ground grid, circuit breaker testing and more
  • Up to 5000 A output current
  • Two units, each of about 20 kg, makes it easier to carry
  • Unique I/30 function allows the current to be pre-set using low current to prevent test sample heating, thus eliminating corruption of test result

This powerful test system is designed for primary injection testing of protective relay equipment and circuit breakers. It is also used to test the turns ratio of current transformers and for other applications that require high variable currents.

The system consists of a control unit and a current unit. The two parts are portable, and INGVAR can be quickly assembled and connected.

The control unit has many advanced features – a powerful measurement section for example, that can display turns ratio as well as time, voltage and current. A second measurement channel can be used to test an additional current or voltage. Current transformer turns ratio, impedance, power, power factor (cos φ) and phase angle are calculated and shown in the display. Current and voltage can be presented as percentages of nominal value. The fast-acting hold function freezes short-duration readings on the digital display when the voltage or contact signal arrives at the stop input, the object under test interrupts the current or injection is stopped.

  • Primary current injection testing and breaker testing
  • These tests require high currents and the ability to measure very short duration, current flow. INGVAR has been designed especially to meet these needs. No extra contacts are needed to measure the operating time of a low-voltage breaker. Testing stops at the instant when the main breaker contacts open to interrupt the current. Output current initiation is synchronized with the currents zero-crossover point to ensure good repeatability and minimized DC offset.
  • Testing current transformers
  • For turns ratio testing, the primary current and either the secondary current or the turns ratio are displayed simultaneously. Since the turns ratio is displayed directly as the nominal value (1000/5 for example), no further calculation is needed. Burden of secondary circuits can be measured and presented in VA.
  • Polarity testing
  • The currents phase displacement is shown, and the polarities of the outputs are clearly marked.
  • Heat runs
  • INGVAR is ideal for performing heat runs. Current can be applied continuously or through programmable intervals. The times can be shown in minutes and hours which facilitates long-term testing capability.
  • Automatic reclosers and sectionalizers
  • INGVAR can also be set to test circuit breakers with reclosing relays. Operating limits, partial times, total times and the number of operations before lockout can be measured. User-selectable reclosing sequences can be programmed for testing sectionalizers.
  • Testing integrity of ground grids and safety-ground devices
  • One way to test ground grids is by injecting current between a reference ground and the ground to be tested and measuring the voltage drop and the percentage of current flowing through the ground grid.